The Life and Death of Industrial Languedoc, 1700-1920

By Christopher H. Johnson

During this seminal e-book, Christopher Johnson writes a full-scale learn of the increase and decline of industrialization within the Bas-Languedoc sector of France. operating inside of a extensive 200-year body, Johnson examines the method of ways and why a winning business sector remodeled itself to agriculture. Johnson is essentially attracted to de-industrialization, which units him except past historians who've studied areas merely by way of the expansion towards industrialization.

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Genghis Khan and the Mongol War Machine

By Chris Peers

As a soldier and basic, statesman and empire-builder, Genghis Khan is a nearly mythical determine. His outstanding achievements and his ruthless equipment have given upward push to a sinister popularity. As Chris friends indicates, during this concise and authoritative research, he possessed extraordinary presents as a pacesetter and supervisor of fellows - he ranks one of the maximum army commanders - yet he can basically be effectively understood by way of the Mongol society and traditions he was once born into. So the army and cultural heritage of the Mongols, and the character of steppe societies and their armies, are significant issues of his e-book. He seems intimately on the army abilities, strategies and ethos of the Mongol infantrymen, and on the benefits and drawbacks they'd in strive against with the warriors of extra settled societies. His booklet deals a desirable clean point of view on Genghis Khan the guy and at the armies he led.

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Untersuchungen zur antiken Literatur und Geschichte : Studies in Greek Elegy and Iambus

By Martin L. West

*From Preface


In Iambi et E legt Graeci (Oxford, 1971-2) i've got accumulated the is still of pre-Alexandrian elegy and iambus. the current reviews are a derivative of the version and meant to be learn together with it. to a point they're an apologia for it, in that they serve to provide an explanation for the various offerings I made, in appreciate of inclusion or exclusion of fabric, association, and textual questions. to a point they require an apologia themselves. They flagrantly lack homogeneity and formal solidarity: the harmony is within the box of research. i would possibly have written a extra encyclopaedic booklet or observation on those poets, which might were greater proportioned and extra extensively bought, basically I had no longer the tummy for it. All i needed used to be to post what I needed to say that used to be new. i may have performed so in a chain of articles; yet along with including to congestion in periodicals, that will definitely were much less handy should you have an interest in those concerns. i'm wakeful, in particular given that examining the proofs, that i've got occasionally acknowledged my perspectives in a slightly compressed and elliptical manner. i will be able to in basic terms wish that this has now not led to genuine obscurity. The reader who unearths it attempting could locate it a convenience to mirror how a lot he or his library may have needed to pay for the ebook if I had written extra spaciously. i might were extra ashamed of the other fault. i have to thank the publishers and their editors for accepting the paintings for this sequence, and for the care they've got taken over its production.

Oxford, March 1974
M. L. West

*fetched from ebrary

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The Great Democracies (A History of the English-Speaking Peoples, Volume 4)

By Winston S. Churchill, William Gallup

Within the nice Democracies, Winston Churchill makes his case for the original and primary position the English-speaking humans performed in bringing financial growth and political freedom to the area at huge. As a piece of heritage, this quantity covers the interval from the top of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 to the top of the South African or Boer conflict in 1902. Churchill had a first-person view on a few of these occasions having participated within the cost of the twenty first Lancers at Omdurman and reporting at the Boer conflict for the Morning publish.

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Armenians and Old Armenia: Archaeoastronomy, Linguistics, Oldest History

By Paris Herouni

This e-book is ready the Armenian country, its actual prehistoric and old historical past restoration, approximately its language, wisdom, nationwide nation, civilization and improvement from the very starting till 301 advert while in Armenia Christianity was once followed as a kingdom faith. This ebook is the 1st medical try and exhibit that the Armenian civilization, arisen within the Armenian place of origin, is the 1st on the earth and the cradle of all different civilizations.

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The Plutonium Files: America's Secret Medical Experiments in the Cold War

By Eileen Welsome

Whilst the significant wartime factories of the ny venture begun generating plutonium in amounts by no means sooner than noticeable on the earth, scientists engaged on the  top-secret bomb-building application grew worried. apprehensive that plutonium  might reason a melanoma epidemic between staff and desirous to examine extra approximately what it could possibly do to the human physique, the long island Project's docs embarked upon an test during which eighteen unsuspecting sufferers in  hospital wards in the course of the state have been secretly injected with the cancer-causing substance. each one of these sufferers might visit their graves with out ever figuring out what have been performed to them.

Now, in The Plutonium Files, Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter Eileen Welsome finds for the 1st time the breadth of the extreme fifty-year cover-up surrounding the plutonium injections, in addition to the deceitful nature of millions of different experiments carried out on americans within the postwar years.

Welsome's notable research spans the Thirties to the Nineteen Nineties and attracts upon hundreds of thousands of newly declassified files and different basic assets to reveal this shadowy bankruptcy in American background. She provides a voice to such innocents as Helen Hutchison, a tender girl who entered a prenatal sanatorium in Nashville for a regimen checkup and was once as a substitute given a radioactive "cocktail" to drink; Gordon Shattuck, one of the boys at a kingdom institution for the developmentally disabled in Massachusetts who was once fed radioactive oatmeal for breakfast; and Maude Jacobs, a Cincinnati girl struggling with melanoma and subjected to an experimental radiation remedy designed to aid army planners easy methods to win a nuclear conflict.

Welsome additionally tells the tales of the scientists themselves, a lot of whom realized the methods of secrecy at the new york venture. between them are Stafford Warren, a grand determine whose bravado masked a crafty intelligence; Joseph Hamilton, who felt he used to be resistant to the risks of radiation purely to undergo later from a deadly leukemia; and health practitioner Louis Hempelmann, some of the most enthusiastic supporters of the plan to inject people with possibly carcinogenic doses of plutonium. Hidden discussions of 50 years previous are reconstructed the following, in which relied on executive officers debated the moral and felony implications of the experiments, demolishing ceaselessly the argument that those reviews came about in a much less enlightened period.

Powered by way of her groundbreaking reportage and singular narrative presents, Eileen Welsome has created a piece of profound humanity in addition to significant old value.

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Oldest Allies - Alcantara 1809

By René Chartrand

Osprey Raid sequence #34

During the conflict for Spanish independance from Napoleonic France, Portuguese and British troops introduced a bold raid into southern Spain, siezing the traditional urban of Alcantara.

Napoleon had left his brother Joseph as King of Spain with a few 300,000 French troops to place down the Spaniards, the majority of whom had revolted opposed to French rule. initially of 1809, British forces held such a lot of Portugal, whereas Marshal Soult attacked the north. Porto and lots of the top Douro River basin have been taken through the French, yet they met with stiff resistance from semi-regular and guerrilla-like Portugese troops led through common Silveira within the northeast. Taking the struggle to the French, a part of the British-led unswerving Lusitanian Legion, besides a number of Portuguese troops, raided deep into Spain.

Both British and Portuguese leaders (including the warrior-like Bishop of Porto!) initiated raids into Spain. while Soult occupied Porto in January 1809, Sir Robert Wilson used to be additional east with a part of his green-uniformed dependable Lusitanian Legion on the castle of Almeida, having led quite a few hundred males into Spain, to be joined by way of millions of patriots, and finally achieving the outskirts of Salamanca. in the meantime, in Lisbon, command of the British military handed to Wellington. In may perhaps 1809, he marched north to free up Porto whereas Silveira's levies pressed the French within the northeast.

While Wellington and Silveira attacked Porto and northern Portugal, it was once vital to maintain the French occupied in different places in Spain, to avoid their large armies in Spain converging on northern Portugal and helping Soult. To this finish, Marshal Beresford, commanding the reorganized Portuguese military, indifferent a wide a part of his choicest troops - the British-led dependable Lusitanian Legion - to raid the Spanish province of Estramadura, a long way to the south.

1,800 males of the dependable Lusitanian Legion, in addition to different Portuguese troops, lower than the command of Lieutenant Colonel Mayne crossed the mountains into Estarmadura and raided the French border posts. The French quickly fled, and the raiders speedy occupied Alcantara (the seat of the Medieval knightly order that bears its name). From the following, a few raiding events went additional east into Spain to reason as a lot hassle as attainable to draw the eye of the French. This new Raid name will aspect all facets of this compelling conflict of forces.

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